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Bihar Tourism

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Bihar Tourism

Bihar is popularly known as the “Land of Nirvana”. A land of monasteries, a land where one can have religious place for everyone. The holiest site for Buddhists Bodh Gaya lies in the state. This place is famous all over the world. The founder of Jainism lord Mahavira was born in Vaishali. The tenth guru of Sikh, Guru Gobind Singhji was born in Patna, the capital of Bihar. The state is visited by many religious devotees and is known for its festivals. The cultural heritage of the state is very old, and people have preserved it. A place where goddess Sita, wife of Lord Rama, daughter of King Janak was born and the state is very well known for its Madhubani paintings, and the Leechvis. Some of the important tourist spots in Bihar are Patna, Vaishali, Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Pawapuri, Rajgir, Kushinagar.

Tourism in Bihar

Glimpses of Bihar past glory can still be observes in the state capital itself and in the various other notable regions throughout the state. Explorers may approach the Bihar State Tourism Department for information about many places of interest that make its culture truly mesmerizing. They open up the leaflets of history and therefore tourists feel as if they wander in that particular era.

Helplines and Important Contact Numbers

Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation
Bir Chand Patel Path, Patna
PIN-800 001.Bihar, India
Phone: +91-612-2225411
Fax: +91-612-2506218
Email: bihartourism.bstdc@gmail.com
Web Site: http://bstdc.bih.nic.in

Mystic Elements Distinguishing Bihar from the Rest

Keen observation of the golden history of Bihar digress the explorers to learn about it and get abreast of the many facets of region’s vast culture. The state had glorious past due to its identity of being the land of several early civilizations and cultures which nourished here from the ancient period. It was once the hub of major awakening centers and therefore taught the world through those famous learning centers especially the ancient Nalanda University. As a center of learning and scholarship since centuries, Bihar remained in global limelight while rest regions were still lingering into darkness.

The concept of non-violence is advocated in all nook and corner of the world today. Bihar has distinction to propagate that concept since ancient era which the mankind accepts wholeheartedly now. Two spiritual legends and preachers of non-violence—Buddha and Mahavira pioneered this concept from the land of Bihar only. They not only preached the concept of non-violence but also practically implemented that in their lives some 2600 years ago. Their concept of non-violence has now become an example and so is it a pathfinder for others in the present context. The places such as Bodh Gaya and Pawapuri remind of that strong message for entire world. These places are symbolic where visitors feel the spirit of non-violence during their visits. One can enjoy great time in such places during annual festivals. The festivities of Bodh Gaya and Rajgir are common attractions and therefore project perfect value of humanity with their strong message prevailing since many centuries.

Top Famous Tourist Cities of Bihar

Patna

The city of Patna was previously called Patliputra. This ancient city had remained power center of many kingdoms ruling the region. Today, Patna serves as state capital of Bihar. The city is known for housing many historic monuments, educational institutions and administrative center of the state. The city also serves as seat of Patna High Court. It is second largest city in the eastern India. Its overall ranking on the national level is of 19th largest city of the country. On the basis of researches done on the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world, it is believed that the city of Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the Magadha’s King who named it Pataliputra.

Bihar Tourism
Funtasia Water Park in Patna

Rulers of Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga ruled the region from Pataliputra. With its 35 km length and 16-18 km width, the modern day Patna city is situated on the southern bank of the River Ganges. Golghar, Kumhrar, Agam Kuan, Takht Shri Patna Sahib, Funtasia Water Park are some of the must visit destinations in Patna. The city is well connected through best of transportation facilities with railway stations, airports and bus stands.

Bihar tourist destinationsPatna, the capital of Bihar, is the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world and was founded in 490 BCE.

According to popular legend Agam Kuan in Patna is the same well where Emperor Ashoka threw his ninety-nine brothers for obtaining the throne of the Mauryan Empire.

Remains of palaces and halls of Mauryan period (322–185 BCE) has been discoved at Kumrahar which is located very near to Patna Railway Station. Hypostyle 80-pillared hall is a most notable finding of this place.

Vaishali

Vaishali is a beautiful place surrounded by banana, mango, groves and rice fields. The history of Vaishali is too old. Vaishali is considered as an important religious site as Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism was born here. Lord Buddha also preached his last sermon here in Vaishali. Buddha Stupa-I, Budha Stupa-II, Kundalpur, Vishwa Shanti Stupa, Bawan Pokhar Temple, Ashokan Pillar, Ramkund tank, Raja Vishal ka Garh, Shanti Stupa are some of the most popular places to visit in Vaishali.
One eighth of the sacred ashes of the Lord Buddha were enshrined in the Buddha Stupa I in a stone casket. The exterior of the Stupa is now in a decaying condition and it has a plain surface. Buddha Stupa II was formed in 1958 when during digging of this site it led to the discovery of another casket containing the ashes of the Lord Buddha. Kundalpur is the birth place of Lord Mahavira and is at a distance of 4Km from Vaishali. It is believed that the Jain Tirthankar, Lord Mahavira was born over 2550 years ago. Lord Mahavira is said to have spent the first 22 years of his life here.

Bihar Tourism
Remains of Ancient Vaishali in Bihar

Bawan Pokhar Temple is an old temple built in the Pala period. The temple is situated on the northern bank of Bawan Pokhar and it enshrines beautiful images of several Hindu Gods. The Ashokan pillar was built by Emperor Ashoka at Kolhua. The pillar is also known as the Lion Pillar. The pillar is made of a highly polished single piece of red sandstone, surmounted by a bell shaped capital, and is 18.3 m high. A life-size figure of a lion is placed on top of the pillar. There is a small tank here known as Ramkund tank which is also known as the monkey tank. The tank now is a stagnant pond. It is believed that this was dug by monkeys who offered the hungry Buddha a bowl of honey.

Raja Vishal ka Garh
is a huge mound with a circumference of about one Kilometer and walls nearly 2 m high with a 43m wide moat around them. The place is said to be the ancient parliament house. Over seven thousand representatives of the federal assembly gathered here to legislate and discuss the problems of the day. Shanti Stupa lies on the south bank of the coronation tank and is built by Buddha Vihar Society.

How to Reach ?
Vaishali is connected by road to Patna (56 km), Muzaffarpur (36 km) and Hazipur (35 km). The railway stations are at Hajipur and Muzaffarpur. The nearest airport is at Patna (70 km).

Rajgir

Rajgir is just 15 kms from Nalanda is located the complex of temples and monasteries. It is one of the most important tourist places in India. Being located in a valley, Rajgir is a very scenic place. The small hill town is covered with lush green forest which adds to the beauty of the place.The place is also associated with Buddhism and Jainism as Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira spent some of their time here meditating and preaching. Jarashand ka Akhara, Jivakameavan Gardens, Cyclopean Wall, Ajatshatru Fort, Shanti Stupa, Venu Vana, Karanda Tank, Bimbisar jail, Veerayatan, Hot Springs, Gridhakut, Swarn Bhandar, Pippala cave are some of the major attractions of Rajgir.

Rajgir Peace Pagoda - Rajgir, Bihar
Vishwa Shanti Stupa in Rajgir

Vishwa Shanti Stupa was built by Japanese Buddhists in 1966. It is a huge white temple which is re-establishing Vaishali on the Buddhist pilgrimage circuit. It is also known as World Peace Stupa. Vishwa Shanti Stupa is located on a 400 meter high hill. The stupa is built in marble and on the four corners of the stupa are four glimmering statues of Buddha. To reach the top of this hill one has to come through the “Ropeways”. This place is also called the GriddhKoot. Jarashand ka Akhara is the Ranbhumi where Bhima and Jarasandh fought one of the Mahabharat battles. Jivakameavan Gardens is the seat of the Royal Physician's dispensary where Lord Buddha was once brought to have wound dressed by Jivaka, the royal physician during the reign of Ajatshatru and Bimbisara. The Cyclopean wall is a 40 Km long wall which encircled ancient Rajgir. Built of massive undressed stone carefully fitted together, the wall is one of the few important Pre-Maurayan stone structures ever to have been found. Traces of wall still subsist, particularly at the exit of Rajgir to Gaya. Ajatshatru fort was built by Ajatshatru in 6th century B.C. He was the king of Magadha during the Buddha's time. The 6.5 sq.meter Ajatshatru's Stupa is also believed to have been built by him.

The Venu Vana Vihar is a site of the monastery built by king Bimbisara so that Lord Buddha can stay. This was the king's first offering to Lord Buddha. Karanda Tank is the tank in which Buddha used to bath. Bimbisar jail is a place where King Bimbisar was imprisoned by his impatient son and heir, Ajatashatru. The captive king chose this site for his incarceration, for, from this spot he could see Lord Buddha climbing up to his mountain retreat atop the Griddhakuta hill. There is a clear view of the Japanese Pagoda. The stupa of peace was built on the top of the hill. Veerayatan is a Jain Temple and Museum.

Tourist places in BiharOn hill crests around Rajgir, far in the distances one can see about 26 Jain Temples. They are difficult to approach for the untrained, but make exciting trekking for those in form. The hot springs are located at the foot of Vaibhava Hill, from where a staircase leads up to the various temples. The water comes through spouts from Saptdhara, the seven streams, believed to find their source behind the "Saptarni Caves", up in the hills. The hottest of the springs is the Brahmakund with a temperature of 45 degree Centigrade. Pippala cave is located above the hot springs on the Vaibhava Hill. Pippala cave is a rectangular stone sculpted by the forces of nature which appears to have been used as a watch tower. Since it later became the resort of pious hermits, it is also called Pippala Cave and popularly known as "Jarasandh ki Baithak" after the name of the King Jarasandh, a contemporary of Lord Krishna described in the epic Mahabharata. Swarn Bhandar is said to be a store house where King Jarashandh used to store his gold. An unread story about the cave is that there is a lot of gold in this cave and a script is written on a stone is the code to unlock the door of this Swarn Bhandar. Gridhakuta is a place where the lord Buddha set in a motion his second wheel of law for three months even during the rainy season. He preached many inspiring sermons to his disciples. The Buddha Sangha of Japan has constructed a massive modern stupa, the Shanti Stupa (Peace Pagoda), at the top of the hill in commemoration. A bridle path leads to up to the hill but it is much more fun to take the Aerial Chair lift which operates every day except Thursday. One way ride takes 7.5 minutes and the view is splendid over the hills of Rajgir.

Rajgir tourist placesSwarn Bhandar is said to be a store house of Gold of King Jarashandh. According to legend the door of the cave contains a script written on a stone with the code to unlock the door of Swarn Bhandar.

Chariot Route is belived to be created on the hard rock by the speed and power of Lord Krishna's chariot when he entered the city of Rajgir.

Jarashand ka Akhara is the same place where Bhima and Jarasandh fought one of the Mahabharat battles.

How to Reach ?
The place is connected by airways, roadways and railways. The nearest airport is at Patna which is 101km from Rajgir. Rajgir has its own railway station but for taking trains to various parts of the country one should take the trains from Gaya which is 78 km. Rajgir is connected by roads to various other places of the state.

Pawapuri

Places to visit in Bihar
Jal Mandir in Pawapuri

Pawapuri, is 38 kilometers from Rajgir and 101 kilometers from Patna, a place where all sins end for a devout Jain. Lord Mahavira, the final Tirthankar and founder of Jainism, had his last breath at this place and was cremated here around 500 B.C. It is said that the demand for his ashes was so great that a large amount of soil was removed from around the funeral pyre, creating the water tank. Jalmandir, Samosharan are two famous pilgrimage destinations for Jains. A marble temple, the Jalmandir, was built in the middle of the tank, and is now a major pilgrimage spot for Jains.

How to Reach ?
The nearest airport is at Patna 101km and the nearest railway station is at Patna 90 km.

Nalanda

Nalanda, is one of the famous ancient place of learning and was founded in the 5th century AD. The ruins of the world's most ancient university lies here which is 62 km from Bodhgaya and 90 km south of Patna. Though the Buddha visited Nalanda several times during his lifetime, this famous center of Buddhist learning shot to fame much later, during 5th-12th centuries. Nalanda flourished until AD 1199, when it was looted and destroyed by the Turkish raider, Bakhtiar Khalji. The ruins of its temples and monasteries convey a stunning impression of the peaceful and ordered life of meditation and learning that prevailed here.

Nalanda University Ruins
Ruins of Nalanda University

Nalanda Archaeological Museum, Nava Nalanda Mahavihara, Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall, Nalanda University Ruins, Silao, Surajpur Baragaon. Nava Nalanda Mahavihara is devoted to study and research of Pali Literature and Buddhism. This is a new institute, where students from foreign countries also study. A new construction in memory of the great Chinese traveler, Hieun Tsang.In between Nalanda and Rajgir, there is a village namely Silao where very a popular local sweet "KHAJA" is prepared. Surajpur Baragaon is a lake with its temple of Surya, the Sun God, is a pilgrim destination twice a year in "Vaishakha" (April-May) and in "Kartika" (October-November) during the Chhath Puja or Sun worship.

How to Reach ?
The nearest airport is at Patna 89 km. For railways a person should prefer Gaya railway station which is 95 km. Nalanda is connected by road to other parts of the state.

Bihar historical factsGupta emperor, Kumaragupta founded the world famous Nalanda University.
Nalanda was a residential schooland is said to have accommodated over 10,000 students and 2,000 teachers.
Nalanda was ransacked by Bakhtiyar Khilji, a Turk in c.?1197 CE.
It is said that the burning of the library continued for several months and "smoke from the burning manuscripts hung for days like a dark pall over the low hills."

Buxar

City of Buxar is a landmark location in eastern Bihar. It serves as headquarters of Buxar District and remains one of the major trade and business centers in this region. Two of its famous areas Buxar Sadar and Dumraon are major attractions of this city. Location of Buxar at the banks of River Ganges makes it popular city. Inhabitants of Buxar commonly speak Bhojpuri language but Hindi, Urdu and English languages are also commonly spoken in this region. This city remains one of the major trade hubs in the area due to proximity with Varanasi, Ballia, Ghazipur and Patna cities.

Buxar in Bihar
The Boat Bridge across the Ganges at Buxar

Buxar came into limelight after excavations by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) found out many signs of ancient Mohanjodaro and Harappa civilizations. Buxar came into limelight after excavations by archaeological survey of India (ASI) found out many signs of ancient Mohanjodaro and Harappa civilizations. Battle of Buxar fought on 23 October 1764 English East India company and a grand alliance of Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal: the Nawab of Awadh and the Mughal King Shah Alam II was a turning point in the history of India. Since then this region has become one of the key places to explore history. The city has thin forest area due to constant deforestation initiatives. Mango, Seasum, Mahua, Bamboo and various types of long grasses (Jhalas) are commonly seen in this area. Buxar district was once famous for its wild animals and game birds while it had thick forestry. Buxar has many small scale industries, including cottage industries; soap industries; timber and furniture works besides leather industry et al. Agriculture remains main engagement of people in this region.

Major attractions of Buxar city are religious places Katkauli ka Maidan, Panchkoshi Parikrama; Shri Nath Baba Mandir; Shri Adinath Akhara; Shri Nath Ashram amongst others. The historic Fort of Buxar is famous attraction. It was built by King Rudra De in 1054 AD. Modern infrastructure developed in the city in recent past made it a fastest growing city of Bihar in all respects.

How to Reach ?
Both rail and roadways connect this city with capital Patna and so does it remains linked through nearby areas of adjacent state Uttar Pradesh whose Ballia District borders with this city. Indian Railways have major railway station in Buxar that link this region with other cities of country with it.

Bodhgaya

Bodhgaya is the holiest site for Buddhists from all over the world. Bodhgaya is the place where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment. The Mahabodi temple is the prime attraction of Gaya and is in the east to the Bodhi tree. Bodhi tree is the place under which Lord Buddha meditated before getting enlightenment. The architectural effect of the temple is excellent. The high pyramidal spire dominates the landscape.Inside the temple, in the main sanctum, there is a colossal image of the Buddha in sitting posture touching the earth by his right hand. In this posture the Buddha accomplished the supreme enlightenment.

Bodhgaya in Bihar
Mahabodhi Temple in Bodhgaya

The statue is of black stone but it has been guilder by the devotees.The ancient railings, which surround the temple, are of the first century BC and are among the very interesting monuments of the century. Chankramana is the sacred spot of the Buddha's meditative perambulations during the third week after pious enlightenment. It is believed that wherever the Buddha put his feet lotus sprang up. Ratnagarh is a place where Lord Buddha spent one week, where it is believed that five colors came out of his body. Other Treasures of Bodhgaya includes 80 ft Statue of the Buddha, Lotus Tank, Buddha Kund, Rajayatana, Brahm Yoni, Chinese Temple & Monastery, Burmese Temple, Buddhist Monastery of Bhutan, International Buddhist House & Japanese Temple, Thai Temple & Monastery, Tibetan Monastery, Archaeological Museum. Sujata village (2 kms), Dungeshwari Hill (Prag bodhi) (22 kms by road), Maitraya Project (3 kms).

How to Reach ?

The nearest airport is at Gaya 7 km. The railway station is at Gaya which is 17 km. The place is well connected through roadways to Gaya (17km), Nalanda (101 km), Rajgir (78 km), Patna (135km), Varanasi (252 km), Calcutta (495km).

Bodhgaya in BiharMahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Mahabodhi Temple is said to have build by Mauryan Emperor Ashoka.
Bodhi tree under which Buddha attained enlightment is recognized by its heart-shaped leaves.
According to legends jealous of the Bodhi tree queen, Tissarakkha, wife of Emperor Ashoka, caused the tree to be killed by means of mandu thorns.
The tree was again cut down by King Pushyamitra Sunga in the 2nd century BC, and by King Shashanka in 600 AD.

Munger

Twin city of Munger and Jamalpur in Bihar is a Municipal Corporation. It is 5th largest city of state with recognition of 2nd largest eastern Bihar city. Being administrative headquarters of both Munger district and Munger Division, it has welcomed fast growth in this region. It remains one of the highly industrialized cities where major productions are railway equipment, gun, tobacco and dairy product manufacturing. Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop at Jamalpur makes Munger highly industrialized city of Bihar with distinction of owning the Asia's largest rail factory. Similarly, city’s tobacco manufacturing and gun manufacturing units are prominent. Presence of famous Bihar School of Yoga in Munger brought ample popularity for this region. Modern Munger has spread in River Ganges’ southern banks and still has distinction for it being oldest city in Bihar.

Famous cities in Bihar
Gateway of Munger

Eminent historian and traveller Hiuan Tsang visited this region in 7th Century. It came under the control of Sultan of Bengal from 1301 to 1322. By 1534 Munger was ruled by many local kings. Later, Mughal rulers took control of this area and ruled over it until it was captured by the British. With the selection of Munger over Murshidabad in Bengal for capital of ruler Mir Kasim in 1762 the region had a drastic change towards modernity.

Notable places of attraction in Munger are world famous Bihar School of Yoga; Munger Fort; Chandika Asthan; Kastaharni Ghat; Tomb of Pir Shah Nufa; Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary; Pirpahar Tomb; Sitla Mandir; Lord Badi Durga Maa Temple and Jai Prakash Udayan amongst others seek attention of visitors. Other notable places which have been developed to make Munger more tourist-friendly are Kali Pahadi at Jamalpur area; Ecological Golf Course; Sita Kund and Rishi Kund that seek attention of most visitors.

How to Reach ?
Munger and Jamalpur Junctions are two railway stations in the region. The city is well connected through roadways by national highways and so does a small airport serve this city without any commercial service. Nearest commercial airport is at state capital Patna at a distance of 180 km. The city is also connected to many cities by waterways of National Waterway No-1. As a trade hub, Munger has emerged into a sought after tourist destination as well.

Historic Attractions of Bihar

Unperturbed landscapes of Bihar spreading into large areas in rural and even in urban localities make it worth exploring place in the country. Tourists visiting Bihar get an opportunity to enjoy blissful nature in the eco circuit points. They also explore numerous heritage spots for a great delightful exploration in their lives. The ancient, medieval and modern histories of Bihar bring us close to several marvels of history that have enriched this region. Tourists and researchers can explore numerous such places which remind of that golden period. The stupas and pillars from the period of Emperor Ashoka are worth visiting places. Most of them are dedicated to Buddhism religion. Of notable interest is the “national symbol of the country’s “four-headed lion” which is part of Ashokan Pillar erected atop that in Bihar. It still mesmerizes visitors.

Bihar distinguishes itself with its unique identity of housing country’s oldest functional temple famous as the Mundeswari Temple whose four-headed Shivlinga is major center of attraction. This unique structure is famous one as an extensive male-female union for artistic expression. So are notable various other mystical stories associated with them.

Remains of Mauryan Empires

Historical Sites in PatnaIf you are a historical buff then there is lot to explore in Bihar. Just keep your camcorder ready to shoot some of the most notable places which forms an integral part of Indian history. Bihar once was power center of India and was ruled by mighty Mauryan rulers (321 -185 BCE). Period of Mauryan dysnatsy saw the prorogation of Buddhism to many parts of Asia. It was also a phase of architectural marvellence with numerous stupas, stone pillars and rock edicts dotting various parts of Bihar and India. Kumhrar and Agam Kuan are the sites of the ruins of the Ashokan Pataliputra. Didarganj Yakshi is beautiful example of Mauryan art. Barabar Caves, Remains of the ancient city of Vaishali also holds much historical importance.

The major achievement of Gupta dynasty (320 to 550 CE) was the establishment of Nalanda University which is one of the most visited ancient monuments in India. These ruins of oldest universities are still most fascinating attractions. They remind the period when Bihar would have owned its oldest international secular universities in their true ascent. It is worth noting to mention that present day Vaishali or ancient Lichchivi was the place where oldest democratic governance system was propagated for the first time. Bihar therefore remains the only place in the world where democratic governance system was practiced approximately 2600 years ago. Pataliputra still have many ruins of Maurya & Gupta Empires which can be explored to understand the rich history of this area.

Ruins of Nalanda University

Established in 5th Century, Nalanda University was one of the oldest universities in the world existing in Bihar. It had distinction of being first residential university where students from far off Asian countries used to come for study. Monuments in BiharAs per historic records this university had 2000 teachers with student ratio of 10000 representing various parts of the world in that period. Famous Chinese traveler and scholar Hieun-Tsang had studied in this university. Located at approximately 95 km southeast of Patna, it was once a major center of learning that developed under Gupta Empire patronage. Harsha and Pala Empires too patronized Nalanda in the later centuries. It was here that scholars and students from Tibet, China, Korea, Japan, Indonesia, Persia, Turkey and other Central Asian countries used to come for study and research. Once it remained an architectural masterpiece with eight separate compounds and ten temples besides several meditation halls and classrooms of international standards. The lakes and parks besides building built of red bricks looked simmering. The ruins occupying an area of around 1,600 feet still mesmerize visitors. According to 17th century Tibetan Lama, Taranatha, Mauryan and Buddhist emperor, Ashoka, built the huge temple at Nalanda at the site of Shariputra's chaitya in 3rd century BCE.

Tomb of Sher Shah Suri

History of BiharLocated in Sasaram town, the tomb of Sher Shah Suri is an attraction of sorts which no visitor can miss out. This tomb reminds of the bravery of a Pathan from Bihar who had defeated Mughal Empire and established the Suri Empire in India’s northern part. This tomb dedicated to Emperor Sher Shah Suri is a prime example of Afghan architecture. Eminent architect of that period, Aliwal Khan had been involved to design, architect and built this tomb during 1540 – 1545. Its construction completed under the reign of Sher Shah Suri’s son Islam Shah on 16 August 1545. This red sandstone mausoleum of 122 ft., height looks beautiful in a place of middle of an artificial lake which is also denoted with India’s second Taj Mahal. Its octagonal tomb has the unique 22-metre dome whose glaze mesmerize every visitor even today.

Even though several centuries have passed but the tomb of Sher Shah Suri remains a true replica of the Indo-Islamic architecture in this region. Its square stone plinth with domed kiosks and chhatris at all corners further beautify the tomb. The stone banks and stepped moorings of its plinth connect the tomb with mainland through a stone bridge and give an exciting outlook. It is one of the important historic sites to visit in Bihar and explore the golden past of this region.

Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall

Hieun Tsang Memorial HallThe Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall was built in the memory of eminent Chinese scholar cum traveller Hieun Tsang. This hall showcases extensive architectural richness. Purpose of building this hall was to devote it to famous Chinese traveller, Hiuen Tsang who had arrived in India in 5th century AD to explore this place. He spent ten years in Nalanda University as a student, scholar and then teacher in the university. His extensive contribution to write Indian history is still remembered. He projected several important details of Nalanda which other travellers failed to project. As Hiuen Tsang enjoyed prestigious position in Indian history, a memorial hall was built to dedicate his contributions. That hall remained one of the major tourist attraction of Nalanda.

Golghar

Captain John Garstin built famous landmark of Bihar state capital city in Patna namely, Golghar in 1786. It has become one of the major tourist destinations today. Its unique native Stupa architecture shape of 125m foundation with 29 m. height keeps it into limelight hence every visitor explores it. In fact Patna visit remains incomplete without coming here.

Bihar Tourist AttractionsThe pillar-less structure exists with thick walls with 141 steps spiral stairway all around it. One sees panoramic view of the Patna city upon reaching its top. There was a concrete purpose behind the building of this unique structure. Once approximately 10 million people of Bihar and Bengal died after the devastating famine of 1770, India’s the then Governor General Warren Hastings took initiative and ordered to build this beehive shaped structure to ensure that grains could be stores for the British Army inside it. The then engineer with the East India Company, Caption John Garstin conceived its architecture and built it. Its construction was completed on 20 July 1786 and it was then capable enough to store 1400000 tons grains inside it.

Navlakha Palace

Located nearby Madhubani city of Bihar in Rajnagar, famous Navlakha Palace had been constructed in 17th century A.D. by local ruler of Darbhanga, Maharaja Rameshwar Singh. Even though this fort was heavily damaged in an earthquake in 1934 and hasn’t been rebuilt thereafter, number of visitors hasn’t decreased yet. People make sure to come to this place during their Bihar explorations. It is situated in Rajnagar area in the modern day Madhubani city of Bihar where the palace was built by the regional king. In total ruins nowadays, this palace is still an attraction for the visitors. Its location on the eastern banks of Kamla River still gives the typical look. Durga Bhawan is located on main entrance to this palace which is a marble Goddess Kali temple. It is still used by the devotees although it has crumbled extensions now. The palace used to have a special section for the women in which elder queen (Bari Maharani) used to rest. A pond was located near to it alongside a garden where royal household ladies would take rest. Similarly, the palace used to house Gosauni Ghar (room of deities), Palace of Younger Queen (Chhoti Maharani), and a temple of Goddess Tripura Sundari. Several rare paintings were kept in the palace that remained famous as Rajnagar Palace complex once. Even today it is considered a famous Mithila tourist center.

Famous Forts in Bihar

Rohtasgarh Fort

Located in Bihar Rohtasgarh Fort is falls under the category of ancient Indian forts existing today. This fort portrays culture of Sone Valley. It is believed that King Harishchandra from Solar Dynasty had built this fort and named it after his son Rohitasva. Later, the entire area became famous as Rohtasgarh. It was once a beautiful structure on the plateau over the top of a hill. Unfortunately it couldn’t be maintained over the centuries and therefore it turned into ruins. Historic details of this fort establish its presence during the period of Hindu king Pratapdhavala of Japla Dynasty who had control over the fort. It came under the control of Sher Shah Suri in 1539 AD. More than 10000 armed men guarded this fort during Sher Shah's reign and therefore it witnessed lots of improvements as well.

Famous forts in Bihar
Ruins of Rohtasgarh Fort

The western side of the fort had a Jami masjid built by a trustworthy soldier of Sher Shah Suri named Haibat Khan in 1543. When Akbar’s Hindu General Man Singh was guven charge to rule Rohtas in 1558AD, Rohtas Fort came under his control. A huge palace was developed inside the fort and so were done many renovations with Persian style architecture to further beautify it. Although the later constructions are still in a fairly good condition, lack of maintenance has damaged it a lot.

Some interesting places in and around Rohtas Fort are Hathiya Pol or Elephant Gate; Aina Mahal; Jama Masjid plus Habsh Khan's mausoleum; Ganesh Temple; Hanging House; Rohtasan Temple & Devi Temple et al still make this place worth visiting attraction for hundreds of thousands of visitors annually.

Rohtasgarh FortOnce Rohtasgarh Fort was headquater of Raja Man Singh, the famous general of Mughal Emperor Akbar.

According to folk tales Hanging House or Fansi Ghar in Rohtas fort is the mouth of a cave, where a Muslim fakir (mendicant) is buried. It is said that he was thrown from here into the valley three times. In spite of being bound hand and foot, the fakir escaped unhurt each time. Ultimately he was buried in the cave.

Buxar Fort

Built by the King Rudra Deo in 1054 AD, this historic fort is one of the few ancient testaments in the state of Bihar which propagate its diverse culture and identity. The fort was built on the banks of River Ganges which attracts millions of people throughout the year. As an ancient testament, this fort is a major attraction in the Buxar city. Researchers and historians keep flocking here nearby the Ganges Riverbank in Buxar town to get to know of the golden past of the region. Existing since several centuries now this historic fort is worth exploring for those willing to learn the history of this region. People visiting this place also go to nearby attractions like Gauri Shankar Temple and Nath Baba Temple during their Buxar Fort exploration.

Munger Fort

Forts and Palaces in Munger
Portrait of Munger Fort

Munger Fort is one of the prime forts of Bihar and is located on a rocky hillock at southern bank of River Ganges. It is a must visit destination while traveling to the historic city of Munger. Although exact historic information is not known but speculations are that it had been built in the period of India’s Slave dynasty while Muhammad bin Tughluq (1325-1351 AD) ruled the country. Attractions of Munger Fort include two prominent hills namely Karnachaura or Karanchaura. Muslim kings like Khaljis, Tughlaqs, Lodis, Nawabs of Bengal and Mughals subsequently controlled this fort while ruling over this region. Mir Quasim (1760–72) finally handed over the Munger Fort to British when the latter had complete command over this region. Beauty of Munger Fort lies in its preserving numerous religious and historic monuments of all periods it witnessed. Some of them include Tomb of Pir Shah Nufa (died 1497), Palace of Shah Suja, Tomb of Mulla Muhammad Said and famous Kashtaharini Ghat on Ganges River amongst others. An ancient temple Chandisthana and a British cemetery from 18th century do exist here. Very recent addition in its marvels is the establishment of a prominent Yoga School inside it.

Existing since 13th century, Munger Fort was revamped by its rulers over the centuries. Mughals kings substantially expanded as the fort with an aim to continue military fortification. Today, this fort spreads over an area of 222 acres. Its 4 feet thick inner and 12 feet thick outer walls keep the fort well maintained even today. It has four entry gates and its main gate is named Lal Darwaza. It is in good shape and remains major center of attraction for tourists throughout the year.

Jalalgarh Fort

Located in the Purnia region of Bihar, the ruins of ancient Jalalgarh Fort still reminds of the golden era of this region. The ruins were in dilapidated condition until recently. An attempt was made in the year 2012 to renovate this fort by considering the demands of masses and to increase tourism avenues in this region. Existing since last three centuries, Jalalgarh Fort is located at the outskirts of the Purnia city at a distance of 20 km in the northern side. It is in the ruined stage now but leaves ample room for historic explorers to learn about the region’s past. It is said that the then ruler, Syed Muhammed Jalaluddin Khan had built this fort. Other historians claim it was built by the ruler of Purnia Nawab Saif Khan in 1722. Exact details and authentic information is not known yet.

Unique structure of Jalalgarh Fort describes its typical architecture. It once existed as a large quadrangular structure whose high walls were deliberately erected to ensure that Nepalese invasions could be stopped and the region would remain protected from such external forces. One more important factor that brought this fort into national limelight is the architectural richness combining Hindu and Islamic architecture. In fact that quintessence of this fort increased its beauty while portraying its true message of secularism.

The state authorities took an initiative to restore Jalalgarh Fort from January 2012. Though many such steps have been taken but it is impossible to reconstruct the fort. Ruins have been secured in restoration step to preserve it and stop further damages. This fort defines much about the golden past of Purnia which historians can explore during their visits.

Popular Wildlife Destinations in Bihar

Wildlife Destinations in Bihar
Wildlife in Bihar

Bihar doesn’t lag behind in terms of its cause for protection of wildlife and various other types of animals. The state has always focused on this sector to ensure that wildlife is protected in its most suitable climatic conditions and atmosphere in the region. State authorities therefore developed a well-planned strategy to preserve animals and give them perfect atmosphere for survival. Although many zoos operate in the state but six of its wildlife sanctuaries are genuine initiatives for safety and security of wildlife animals. Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary along with others are some of the most popular wildlife destinations in Bihar.

Bihar wildlife destinationsAccording to tales Bhimbandh drived its name from Bhima, one of the pandavas, who constructed a dam (bandh) over the flowing river giving it the name Bhimbandh.
Sita Kund and Rishi Kund hot springs at Bhimbandh are known for positive therapeutic effects on skin and muscles.
Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal Lake at Begusarai, Bihar, is Asia's largest freshwater oxbow lake. It is approximately three times the size of the Bharatpur Sanctuary.
The Gangetic dolphins have been declared as the National Aquatic Animal of India.

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuaries in BiharLocated in Munger district, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary is a prominent sanctuary set up to protect the wildlife species of the region. Total forest cover area is of 681.99 km² on the scenic hills of Kharagpur at the southern side of Ganges River. Situated in the outskirts of Munger city it is easily reachable via various modes of local transportation. Several wildlife species in Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary includes tigers, sloth bear, panthers, four-horned antelope, sambar deer, chitals, wild boars and nilgais et al. Other popular species includes jungle cats, fishing cats and leopard cats amongst others. It is here that several small mammals are also found from rare Hispid hare to Indian gray mongoose, small Indian mongooses, large Indian civet, small Indian civets, golden jackal, Bengal fox, sloth bear, Chinese pangolin, Indian pangolins, hog badger, Chinese ferret badgers, and particolored flying squirrel amongst others to make its huge varieties.

One can also find large number of avian fauna including quail, grey partridge, dronge, malabar, swallow, nightjars, paradisefly, pied hornbill, kingfisher, bulbul, falcon, mainas, pigeon, wood pigeon, blue jay, owl, kite, eastern imperial eagle, greater spotted eagle and white-tailed eagle amongst others. Pallas's fish eagle, grey-headed fish eagle, lesser kestrel and vulture are other bird species found in this sanctuary. During winters the this sanctuary becomes home to countless migratory birds from the Central Asian region so its number increases for bird lovers to explore it. White-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer's pochard duck and lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked stork and Asian openbill stork are some other collections of Central Asian birds.

Hot water spring like Rishi Kund, Sita Kund further adds to the excitement of the tourists. One can also drive towars Rameshwar Kund and Kharagpur Lake to enjoy the scenic view of the mother nature. Grassland and forests in Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary captivate nature lovers. Its forestry area from bamboo forests to grasslands and various tiny forests make ample flora species.

Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary

Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the largest sanctuary in Bihar. This sanctuary occupied approximately 1342km2 nearby Bhabhua with huge collection of various animal species. Presence of various waterfalls in its valley areas and especially Karkat Waterfall and Telhar make it appropriate place for tourist ecxploration. Anupam Lake is famous out of the many lakes present in this wildlife sanctuary. Visitors can make plan to visit the sanctuary in between months from October to June. Variegated collection of fauna makes Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary one of the most popular one in the state of Bihar. Tigers, wild boars, panthers, sloth bear, chitals, sambar deer are major animal collections in this sanctuary. By now this sanctuary has become home to more than 70 resident bird species which can be watched throughout the year. Many migratory birds are also seen here during the wintertime when they arrive at this sanctuary from various Central Asian regions. Bird lovers may watch variety of birds on such occasions.

Lesser white-fronted goose, Baer's pochard duck, ferruginous duck, and lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked stork and Asian openbill stork usually arrive in this sanctuary during wintertime upon migration from various Central Asian countries. It is the right time to watch them in this sanctuary. Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary has good number of fish species as well in its Anupam Lake and Kalidah nearby Rameshwar kund. Cobra and Kraits are common snake species besides pythons.

Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary

Bird Sanctuary in Bihar
Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary

For all the bird lovers and researchers Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary is a right place to visit. Spread in an area of 67.5 km², this bird sanctuary was established in the year 1987 to preserve and protect birds which were in the endangering stage. It distinguishes in Bihar state due to many exclusive features and values. The notable feature of this bird sanctuary is the presence of Kanwar Taal, also called Kabar Taal Lake at Begusarai, Bihar which is famous in entire Asia for being the largest freshwater oxbow lake. During winter season it becomes home migratory birds travelling from Central Asian regions to this sanctuary. Oriental White-backed Vulture, Long-billed Vulture, Greater Adjutant, Greater Spotted Eagle, Painted Stork, Black-bellied Tern are some of the popular species that adds to the beauty of this sanctuary. The Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary is easily reachable from nearby cities of Begusarai by train. If coming by air then capital Patna’s airport is the nearest airport to reach this bird sanctuary.

Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary

Established in the West Champaran district of Bihar state, Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for large collection of wildlife animals. With its total area of 8.74 km², Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary had been formed in the year 1978. It remains famous sanctuary in this area which is predominantly a wetland. The location of this sanctuary is strategic at the oxbow lake in Gandaki River floodplains where ample variety of water birds is seen. The collection is of resident as well as migratory birds hence it makes good choice for the bird lovers to explore. Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary houses varieties of birds and animal collections. It is one of the few sanctuaries in the country with special areas of swamp forests and dry riverine forest. It is also known for khair-sissoo forest area. Its location in the lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests eco region makes it suitable for special category of animals. Some of the additional facilities in and around this sanctuary include a rest house nearby it and facilities for refreshment and entertainment options. The nearest Bettiah town can be reached easily through its railhead. Several road routes are available to reach Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary from any part of the state.

Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary

Located in the Bhagalpur district of Bihar, Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is a sought after location in the state. It is a famous sanctuary of 50 km stretch of from Ganges River that consists of the area from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon and is one of the notable attractions in Bihar today. This Dolphin Sanctuary had been developed in 1991. It was declared protected area so that Asian endangered Gangetic dolphins could be saved from extinction. With declaration of Gangetic dolphins as National Aquatic Animal of India, the value of Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary has become more important. Bihar state is honoured to protect the national aquatic animal for that suitable atmosphere and climatic condition has been developed. This sanctuary is house of several other threatened aquatic wildlife animals like Indian smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata), gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) and numerous other freshwater turtles. By now more than 135 species of waterfowl have been brought into this sanctuary which distinguishes it from the rest.

Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary
Gangetic Dolphin

October to June months is best to visit Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary. It can be reached easily from Bhagalpur city Railway Station to Barari Ghat where this sanctuary is located. This sanctuary seeks the attention of large chunk of visitors comprising of adventure lovers, water animal lovers and most importantly researchers who explore it for endangered Dolphins to understand many facts about all these national aquatic animals.

Valmiki Nagar Tiger Reserve

Located in West Champaran district of Bihar, renowned Valmiki Nagar Tiger Reserve and Sanctuary is renowned in the state for being safe home for tigers in the country. Its lush green forest area makes it best place for the animals to stay in safety and security. Some of the common animal species found in it are leopards and fishing cats such as chitals, sambar, black bucks, langur, sloth bears and gaurs etc.

Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan

Sanjay Gandhi Botanical and Zoological Garden, also called Patna Zoo is located in state capital Patna’s Bailey Road area. It was opened for the common masses in 1973 and remains a major destination for the animal lovers today. It has the distinction of being the most frequented picnic spot in the city today. It was earlier developed into Botanical Garden in the year 1969 but Forest Department was involved later for its expansion and to turn it into a zoo. The State Government declared it into a Protected Forest on 08 March 1983 in its expansion plan and for better protection.

Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan
Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan

By now Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan has emerged into one of the notable zoos in the country. It houses more than 800 animals which comprise of nearly 110 species. Major amongst the species found in it are tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, hippopotamus, crocodile, elephants, Himalayan black bear, jackal, black bucks, spotted deer, peafowl, hill myna, gharial, python, Indian rhinoceros, giraffe, zebra, emu, and white peacock et al. This zoo also houses more than 300 tree species besides shrubs and herbs. Medical plant nurseries, orchid house, fern house, rose garden and a glass house are other attractions. This zoo also owns huge aquarium having approximately 35 fish species. Representing five species, zoo’s snake house owns 32 snakes.

Religious Destinations in Bihar

Mahabodhi Temple

Founder of Buddhism religion, Gautam Buddha attained spiritual enlightenment in Bodh Gaya. Bodhi Tree is also called Bo or Sinhalese Bo that is denoted with 'peepal tree' in Nepal and Bhutan. It is said that Siddhartha Gautama had attained enlightenment under this tree hence it is named Bodhi. The Mahabodhi Temple at this place is of great value and has become a key destination for all those travelling to Gaya. Bodhi tree has ample significance in Buddhism religion hence its sacredness is like that of Anandabodhi tree in Sravasti and Bodhi tree in Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka making the cycle of Buddhism enlightenment. It remains one of the major centers of attraction even today. The UNESCO has declared this place World Heritage Site after observing its importance and global value. A huge temple has been built nearby it named Maha Bodhi Temple.

Religious Destinations in Bihar
Mahabodhi Temple in Bodhgaya

The followers of Buddhism religion from around the world visit this temple. Its unique architecture appeals everybody. Bodh Gaya remains most important of the main four pilgrimage sites portraying the life of Buddha for the Buddhists. Rest three places of importance are Kushinagar, Lumbini and Sarnath. Mahabodhi Temple was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002. Buddhists consider Bodh Gaya their holiest place on the earth. Previously called Uruwela, it was here that King Ashoka had built the first temple of Buddhism religion. Mahabodhi Temple Complex and its diamond throne named Vajrasana and the famous Bodhi tree are the attraction of sorts in Bodh Gaya. The region has several other Buddhist temples and monasteries which the governments of Bhutan, China, Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet and Vietnam have built nearby Mahabodhi Temple. All such temples reflect the architectural style of those countries.

Pawapuri

The founder of Jain religion, Mahavira had attained Nirvana at Pawapuri due to which it is considered one of the holiest places in Jainism. A beautiful temple has been build at the site where large number of devotees arrives throughout the year. The famous site for Jains is at a distance of 38 km from Rajgir. The distance between the state capital Patna and Pawapuri is 101 km. As the history of this region explains, Pawapuri served as one of the two capitals of Mall Mahajanpad in the ancient period nearly 2600 year ago later became part of Magadhan empire. It is here that Lord Mahavira spread Jainism after achieved Moksha or Nirvana. He died and cremated at Pawapuri that is now denoted with Apapuri or a sinless town.

Valmiki’s Birthplace

The place where Maharshi Valmiki, the author of Ramayana, stayed in Bihar is considered holy. The early history describes that it was in Bihar that the revered sage had stayed for several years. Exact traces are not found but as the ancient history has proved many facts Bihar is considered holy in this regard. The places where Valmiki would have visited have been identified by many historians and researchers. As they have different versions of facts the exact locations have still not been zeroed upon.

Maner Sharif

Maner Sharif is an important landmark in Bihar. In fact a satellite city has been developed nearby at the
distance of mere 24 km from capital city. The famous tombs of Sufi saints Makhdoom Yahya Maneri and Makhdoom Shah Daulat adds to the ttarction of the region. Denoted as Bari Dargah (the great shrine) and Chhoti Dargah (the small shrine) they are visited by large number of people and have emerged into famous tourist destination in Bihar. There is a mausoleum built in 1616, eight years after the death of Makhdoom Shah Daulat who died in Maner Sharif in 1608. Architecturally enriched domed mausoleum has uniquely painted walls that showcase sophisticated designs to make it worth exploring. Ceilings of this mausoleum portray the unique architecture and from the Qur'anic verses. One beautiful mosque is also there inside it which Ibrahim Khan had built in the year 1619. Once upon a time, Maner Sharif remained one of the famous regional centers of learning where people from far off areas used to visit. Out of the many interesting factors that keep Maner part, the one is its uniquely prepared laddu made with ghee. Local vendors sell them and visitors take them to their homes.

Takht Shri Harmandir Sahib, Patna

State capital city Patna has the revered pilgrimage center of Takht Shri Harmandir Sahib where the 10th Guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singhji was born. The shrine is located in the middle of Patna city and attracts Sikh devotees from various parts of India and world. It was built in the remembrance of birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh. Maharaja Ranjit Singh reconstructed it in 1839 as once it was damaged badly.

Religion in Bihar
Takht Shri Harmandir Sahib

Located on the banks of Ganges River, it is an important attraction in Patna city. The importance of this Takht of being one out of the only five Takhats or Holy Seats of Authority of the Sikhs makes it crucial for the Sikh community. Sikhs also denote it with names like Harmandir and Sangat. It has become a prominent Sikh pilgrimage center in the country. Some of the notable things in Harmandir Takht Saheb include its Holy Pudding preparation in a large iron cauldron namely karahi. Devotees get mesmerized of the architectural beauty of Harmandir Takht Saheb and so do they get impressed of devotion shown by the large chunk of visitors. It is a place where people come to re-impose faith in Sikhism.

Famous Museums in Bihar

Patna Museum

Built in the year 1917 by the then British rulers, Patna Museum has good collection of architectural artifacts from Rajput and Mughal period. Several archaeological objects, paintings, sculptures and images by renowned artists are kept inside this museum. Presence of 200 million old tree fossils is an attraction for visitors. As a state museum, it is under the control of state government. This museum conserves as well as displays countless historical artifacts. Eminent architect of his period, Rai Bahadur Bishnu Swarup designed the current structure of this museum in the year 1928.

Museums in Bihar
Patna Museum

Some of the notable collections of this museum include archaeological objects, coins, art objects, textiles, paintings, instruments, thankas, bronze images, paintings, terra cotta images and sculptures amongst others. Besides many works by Hindu and Buddhist artists, it also has good collection of rare British-period paintings. They project the lifestyles of that period and so does this museum house good collection of items portraying the life of independent India’s first President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad. The cannon of First World War is also kept in this museum. Other collections includes a tree fossil dating more than 200 million years old and a Vaishali relic Stupa which is believed to have Gautama Buddha’s sacred ashes (relics) besides the famous Didarganj Yakshi statue makes it collection great.

Patna Museum
Address: Patna Museum, Buddha Marg, Chajju Bagh, Patna, Bihar 800001

Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya

Established in the year 1963, Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya is the museum also called Rajendra Memorial Museum where many facets of the first president of India and Bihar’s towering leader and freedom fighter are located. This biographical heritage building brings before us different facets of the life and works of Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

Address: Sadaquat Ashram, Patna, Bihar, India
Website: http://rss.bih.nic.in/

Jalan Museum

Jalan Museum is a privately owned museum in state capital city, Patna. The city owns two such private museums out of which it is one. It was built by Diwan Bahadur Radha Krishna Jalan in the year in 1919. It has huge collection of artifacts. The building structure of this museum is of a mixture of English and Dutch styles which is famous as Quila House amongst the local masses. Located on the banks River Ganges in Patna City, it is one of the most visited places in the city. This museum has huge collection of objects which are approximately 10,000 and they represent items from the modern period era. The items are stone, metal, terraotta, ivory, glass and porcelains amongst others. These items are collections from near eastern Asian countries and several of the European countries as well. The Jalan family still has hold on part of the building while the rest portion is museum and remains open in the week days from 9-11 am and during weekends it opens from 10 am - 4 pm. One must take 48 hours prior appointment to visit the museum.

Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya

Gandhi Memorial Institution is one of the famous museums in Bihar’s state capital Patna. This museum also serves as public service institution. The themed museum showcases several facets of the life and principles of country’s founding father, Mahatma Gandhi besides projecting the role of Bihar in country’s freedom struggle. It has many important documents and items pertaining to state’s freedom fighters. As a dedication to the persons involved in country’s freedom movement from Bihar, this museum cum institution has been preserving the various types of works and memories of those individuals. Their role in the country’s freedom, association with Mahatma Gandhi and collective efforts are all summed up in the collections.

Gandhi Sangrahalaya, Patna
Address: North- West Gandhi Maidan,
Ashok Raj Path, Patna
Bihar- 800 001, India
Contact: 2531060, 2522822
E-mail: info@gandhisangrahalayapatna.org
Website: www.gandhisangrahalayapatna.org

Nalanda Archaeological Museum

Nalanda archaeological museum is just opposite the entrance to the ruins of the university and houses. In the museum there is a small but beautiful collection of Buddhist and Hindu bronzes and a number of undamaged statues of the Lord Buddha that were found in the area.

Other Must Visit Tourist Destinations in Bihar

Bihar has been welcoming tourists and visitors since time immemorial. As this region has maintained its cultural sanctity since centuries regular visitors have arrived in this area. The modern day Bihar has done many good efforts to attract the attention of tourists. Some of the notable places of this state where one can see ample visitors include:-

Funtasia Water Park, Patna

Bihar state capital city, Patna has been developing several entertainment avenues for its visitors. Only recently the city has developed a full-fledged and prominent water island water park namely Funtasia Water Park that provide options for various watersports categories. Such watersports varieties and activities are worth noticeable for people in the region especially those travellers wanting involvement in the adventure activities through watersports. The Takshila Seas & Resorts Pvt. Ltd., owns and operates this waterpark that began operation in the year 2012. The amusement park has attained ample popularity ever since it began operation. Located in capital city Patna, this waterpark seeks attention of many people especially those travellers loving watersports activities. Some of the notable attractions of this waterpark are water slides and various water playground facilities for adventure activities.

Being first of its kind in Bihar, this waterpark remains one of the key attractions in the state for adventure sports lovers. Some of the important attractions of Funtasia Water Park include Water slides; Wave pools; Swimming pools; Kids water slides; Two Kids wave pool; Multi cuisine restaurant and last but not the least coffee shops, souvenir's shops and banquet hall where visitors spend quality time in leisure. This waterpark is a water paradise for those taking keen interest in various water games. The rush is usually seen of people from all age groups including children. It has already emerged into an ultimate destination for those wanting some true entertainment option irrespective of their age groups.

Fantasia Island (Water Park)
Address: Sampatchak, Patna
Sampatchak-Parsa Road
Bihar

Regd. Office: Takshila Seas & Resorts Pvt. ltd.
Flat N0. 102, C-Block, Nutan Towers,
Kankarbagh More, Patna
Bihar, Pin -800 020
Phone : +91 9430222875
Email : info@funtasiaisland.com
Web : http://www.funtasiaisland.com

Mucalinda Lake

It is said that the snake king Shesh Naga or Mucalinda had protected Buddha from a storm nearby this lake which has now been named after him. It has great importance for the believers of Buddhism religion who make sure to visit at this historic location during pilgrimages. This lake is explored by many people since centuries and therefore remains one of the major attractions in Bihar. Today, Muchalinda Lake has attained the position of one of the major sightseeing locations in Bodh Gaya due to its mythological importance. Its water body on the right of main temple attracts visitors and so do unique sculpture of hood protecting Lord Buddha meditating on a snake coil. Such attractions are so appealing that none can ignore visiting this place during tours.

Famous places in Gaya

The stories go on that Buddha had become Lord Vishnu an incarnation in meditation nearby the lake when strong storm broke out and Shesh Naga or Snake King Muchalinda came out to protect meditating Buddha so that disrupting waves couldn’t halt his meditation. This beautiful lake has been beautified further with planting several trees over the years. Its lush green surroundings make it worth spending quality time in peace and tranquility.

Griddhakuta Peak

Also called vulture peak, Griddhakuta Peak is situated nearby modern Rajgir. As its resemblance is like that of a vulture where too many vultures are seen, it is named after that as well. It is one of the sacred places of Buddhists who visit here keeping in view its significance in the life of Gautam Buddha. They believe that it was the place where Buddha used to deliver several sutras and sermons to his followers. The famous Lotus and Heart sutra of Buddhism are associated with this place.

Rajgir Hot Springs

The hot springs of Rajgir is one of the major attractions in the city of Rajgir where many visitors arrive almost every day and participate in many fun activities. They can spend quality time nearby the springs in the Vaibhava Hills foothills. It is said that such hot springs have many medicinal values as well. People come here with this belief that its pure waters would help them cure several diseases. Some people even try to bath here for purification of body and soul. As Rajgir had remained capital of many ancient empires, the presence of such springs add more value for the visitors to explore it besides Its tourist attractions like walls from Ajatshatru's period, Bimbisar's Jail, Jarasandh's Akhara, Gridakuta hill, Sonabhandara cave and Jain temples enchant visitors but bathing in the Brahmakund is an important ritual which is denoted with Rajgir hot springs. The hot water springs therefore remain key attraction as Brahmakund and sacred for the Hindu visitors.

Gandhi Maidan

Gandhi MaidanGandhi Maidan is one of the famous sports and public complexes in Patna city of Bihar located in city’s heart at prominent location. It is surrounded by many markets and corporate offices from all sides. This maidan seeks attention of evening walkers and political agitations. As it is located in the heart of Patna city it remains a major site for political and social function in the city today.Earlier Gandhi Maidan was named Patna Lawns in the Ganges River banks but it was renamed to Gandhi Maidan on later years. This maidan has its distinction of being the launching pad of several movements for country’s freedom struggle. The famous Champaran movement and Quit India movement of 1942 began from this maidan itself. Leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Sardar Patel, Maulana Azad, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jaya Prakash Narayan and Sri Krishna Sinha have addresses to the nations from this maidan and so have most of them led their rallies from this place. At present Gandhi Maidan is used for various commercial purposes including private parties, trade fairs and mass prayers amongst others. The Gandhi Sangrahalaya is located in its north western corner while the flag-raising ceremony on both Indian Independence Day and Republic Day is held inside the maidan. Only recently a 70-feet tall bronze statue had been installed inside Gandhi Maidan which is considered to be the world’s tallest one.

Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library

Khuda Baksh Oriental Library is one of the rare Indian libraries located in Bihar’s capital city, Patna where large collection of manuscripts, books, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, patents, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings and manuscripts make it one of the noted reference libraries in the country. Khan Bahadur Khuda Bakhsh had opened this national library in the year 1891 on whose name it still exists. With its collection of 4,000 and above manuscripts this library remains an important asset in the state of Bihar. Its rare collection of Persian and Arabic manuscripts and paintings representing Rajput and Mughal periods make it popular in the country. Monitored by the National Mission for Manuscripts, Manuscript Conservation Centre' (MCC) of this library plays pivotal role to preserve manuscripts. Scholars from around the world visit this library for research purposes.

Annual Sonepur Fair

This authentic rural fair is famous in the state of Bihar since several centuries. Organized annually, the famous Sonepur Fair is a traditional annual fair cum gathering for spiritualism. People arrive here to buy and sell elephants and various other cattle. Now this fair has become commercial and deal into other items besides cattle. Good varieties of other stuffs of household needs are also sold but the major attraction remains of the cattle purchase and sell. This fair is organized for one and half months at Sonepur which is nearby capital Patna city. This festival was once famous globally and witnessed arrival of visitors from many Asian countries. Attempts have also been made to revamp this cattle fair recently with key focus on its commercial aspects and to promote it before domestic and international tourists to enhance the tourism sector of this state.

Famous fairs in Bihar
Annual Sonepur Fair in Bihar

All breeds of dogs, buffaloes, donkeys, ponies and et al are available for sale. Good number of Persian horses, rabbits, goats and camels are sold in this annual fair. Likewise, numerous varieties of birds and poultry can be bought in this historic fair. All these attractions aside, the Haathi Bazaar or elephant market of this fair is famous in the state for the largest elephant trade held during this short period. The stalls dealing with other items sell wide range of garments, weapons, furniture, toys, utensils & agricultural implements besides jewelry and handicrafts that have further popularized this fair in the recent past.

The Harihar Nath temple of Sonepur is an integral part here where large number of masses visit for worships during this period. Those coming in the fair therefore get spiritually enlightened through special worships in this famous temple nearby the current venue at the convergence of Ganges and Gandak sacred rivers. People usually take holy dip at the convergence during prayers and paying respects at Hariharnath Temple.

Top 10 Hotels of Bihar

Bihar maintains its legacy of hospitality. The state has developed infrastructure in several sectors including wonderful contribution in the hospitality industry. Such steps have been taken by keeping in view the current needs of tourism and business. Special impetus in being to enure memorable journey for those travelling to Bihar. Out of the many luxurious and many other categories of hotels which Bihar owns, here are the top ten in terms of their hospitality, services and comforts which every guest seeks from them.

Hotel Maurya Patna
Address: Bihar Hotels Limited
South Gandhi Maidan,
Patna, 800 001, Bihar, India
Toll Free No – 1800 30 11 22 33
+91 612 3051111
+91 612 2203040
Room Reservations
0 9204780261
0 9204780275
reservations@maurya.com
Website: http://www.maurya.com/

Hotel Taj Darbar
Bodhgaya - 824 231, Gaya, Bihar, India
Telephone: +91-631-2201178 , 2200053
Fax: +91-631-2201153,
For Reservation: 91 9471002293
Enquiry : info@hoteltajdarbar.com
Email: reception@hoteltajdarbar.com
Website: http://www.hoteltajdarbar.com/

Hotel Gargee Grand, Patna
Address: Hotel Gargee Grand
Plot No. 825,Exhibition Road
(Patna- 800001)
Email: info@gargeegrand.com
Tel: +91-612-2500535/36/37/38
Fax: +91-612-2500539
Mob: +91-9771471000
+91-9771497906
+91-9771497911
Website: http://www.gargeegrand.com/

Hotel Bodhgaya Regency, Bodhgaya
Address: Near Japanese Temple(Mastipur), Bodhgaya
Phone : +91-9199192534
Land line : +0631-2200415
Fax : +0631-2200417
E-mail : info@bodhgayaregency.com
reservation@bodhgayaregency.com
Website: http://www.bodhgayaregency.com/

The Rajgir Residency, Rajgir
Address: Rajgir – 803116, Bihar, India
Phone: +91 06112-255404/5
Website: www.rajgir-residency.com
Hotel Heritage, Bodhgaya
Address: Bodhgaya, Bihar – 824231, India
Phone: +91 933 404 6207, 993 496 9330, 983 905 8529, 941 530 3443
Reception: +91 0631-2200202, SMS Reservations: +91 869 888 0978
Email: hotelheritagebg@gmail.com

Hotel Chanakya, Patna
Address: Bir Chand Patel Marg
Patna - 800001, Bihar
Phone Nos.:+91 612 2223141 - 42
+91 612 2220590 - 96
FAX: +91 612 2220598
E-mail: reservations@chanakyapatna.com
Website: http://www.chanakyapatna.com


Hotel Windsor, Patna
Address: Opposite Luv Kush Apartment, Near Exhibition Road Chauraha,
Patna, Bihar – 800001, INDIA
Phone:+91 612 220 3250
Email: info@hotelwindsorpatna.com, hotelwindsor@vsnl.net
Website: http://hotelwindsorpatna.com/


Hotel Samrat International
Street Address: Fraser Road, Patna - 800001, Bihar
Phone : 0612-2220560 – 63 (4 lines)
Fax : 0612-2226386
reservaction@hotelsamrat.org
Website : www.hotelsamrat.org
E-mail : samrat_pat1@sify.com
frontoffice@hotelsamrat.org
samratin@bsnl.in
gm@hotelsamrat.org
banquet@hotelsamrat.org
accounts@hotelsamrat.org
drajoykumarsingh@hotelsamrat.org

Hotel Patliputra Ashok
Beerchand Patel Path, Patna – 800 001 (Bihar), India
Telephone: 91-612-250-5270 – 76
Fax: 91-612-250-4467, 250-4207
email: info@ashokpatna.com, ashokhotel@gmail.com
Website: http://ashokpatna.com/

Best Time to Visit Bihar

Climatic condition of Bihar state remains unique. With all four major weather conditions winter; summer; monsoon and post monsoon time offering good options to the visitors to explore the state in the choice of their own climatic conditions. Tourists therefore have ample options to make trips to the state by planning in any season they prefer from the four major seasons. The period from November to mid-March is wintertime in Bihar. With its average 4° to 10° temperature period remains most pleasant season for a trip to Bihar to explore it to the best.

Also Read Tourism in Buxar | Darbhanga | Hajipur | Jehanabad | Kishanganj | Muzaffarpur | Sasaram | Bhagalpur | Chapra | Gaya | Jamalpur | Katihar | Nalanda | Siwan


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